We were presented with another fragile gift of antiquity.
Here is a program from “The York Pageant” – a three-day celebration of York’s role in the founding of this nation. Click on the picture of the program below to read through the program.
In this photo supplied by the Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission, a smallmouth bass pulled from the Susquehanna River is shown suffering from lesions. (Source: Intelligencer Journal/Lancaster New Era)
“‘Angling for Healthier Rivers: The Link Between Smallmouth Bass Mortality and Disease and the Need to Reduce Water Pollution in the Chesapeake Bay Tributaries,’ is a distillation of recent research by state and federal scientists, as well as interviews with leading bass biologists.
“The study also fingers mostly ag-related phosphorus and nitrogen as a key part of the problem.
“It notes that blooms of algae caused by excess nutrients deprive the river of oxygen, stressing fish and spurring the growth of parasites that may be killing young smallmouth bass.
“‘While more study into the causes of the fish kills and illnesses is required, one fact is clear. To restore populations of smallmouth bass, as well as the health of the Chesapeake Bay and its rivers and streams, we must reduce nitrogen and phosphorus pollution. Of the myriad of contributing factors, this is one factor that people can control,’ the report says.
“Phosphorus and nitrogen levels in the Susquehanna are among the worst in the Bay watershed, according to the study.”
Jane Holahan has written a eulogy, of sorts, for the Point of View in Millersville. We often ventured down 999 to Millersville to see a movie of lesser promotion, but of greater substance. We watched “The Best Exotic Marigold Hotel” at least three times. We saw “The Way” and numerous other niche screenings there and we have been wondering “what happened?” Today, entertainment editor Holahan shares her memories of the Point of View experience.
By Jane Holahan | The Sunday News – April 14, 2013
“If you are a true movie lover, you have no doubt been in mourning for a while.
“The Point of View is closed.
“The Millersville movie theater, nestled away down a long, pothole-ridden driveway off West Frederick Street has not been running movies since the fall.
“Movie lovers will have to look elsewhere to find the foreign films, documentaries and independents that the Point of View used to show.
“It took a while for everyone to realize it was shut down. Not only did the theater, with its sagging sign and often empty parking lot, look closed, but in the past the place did close down for a few weeks.
“But it always reopened.
“Not this time.
“The man who runs the place, whom I always called Mr. Mystery Man, but whose real name is Mark Thompson, is not commenting.
“But then he never did. That was part of the mystique of the Point of View. And there was a lot of mystique at the Point of View.
“It was an acquired taste — one that I acquired very quickly when I moved to Lancaster in 1987. But then, I love the kinds of movies the Point of View showed, and I was willing to put up with a lot to see them.
“Many of the seats sagged. There was Read the rest of this entry »
The debate around the Keystone XL pipeline represents concern over the environmental effects of non-conventional fossil fuels. Flickr/shannonpatrick
“In the US, extraction of non-conventional fossil fuels is booming. Investment in extra-heavy and heavy oils, oil shales and sands, tight oil and gas, shale gas and coal seam gas is taking off as companies and US governments look to reap the financial and political benefits.
“But the boom comes with major environmental risks, from extraction, transport and fugitive emissions. In fact, just this week we have seen an Exxon oil spill in Arkansas, where an estimated 12,000 barrels of Canadian heavy crude oil were spilt into residential areas near the town of Mayflower from a 65-year-old pipeline.
“To date, environmental and safety regulation of these fuels has been grossly inadequate. And yet there is pressure for still more cutting of ‘green tape.’
Environmental risks of extraction and transport
“The threats from extraction are well known, and we’ve seen them in Australia as well as in the US. When under-regulated, the ‘fracking’ process used to release natural gas and tight oil can threaten water quality. A major EPA safety report is due in 2014, but investment isn’t waiting. It’s proceeding strongly under the impetus of both market forces and pressure from the US Federal Government which is keen to encourage gas export, especially as LNG to Europe, to reduce Russia’s influence.
“An issue Australia doesn’t face is the risk from heavy, corrosive, carbon-intensive oil from tar sands; in this case, extracted in Canada. In the US, Public concern about the multiple environmental risks associated with the extraction, processing and pipelining of this fuel is focused around a pending Federal decision about the Keystone (XL) pipeline. The State Department’s technical report was released on March 1. The environmental risks of such a pipeline were demonstrated by the Enbridge Energy case of 2010 and this week’s spill in Arkansas.
“Apart from profit, potential pipeline approval is again driven by geopolitics. The pipeline would help maintain smooth relations with the Canadian Government but, as some suggest, also provides an alternative to heavy but conventional Venezuelan crude currently refined on the Mexican Gulf coast.”
On April 1, April Fools’ Day, Food & Water Watch created this fake ad to signal the dangers of fracking.
“‘You can drink it … I’m still alive.’
That’s what Colorado Governor John Hickenlooper said about his experience of drinking fracking fluid. It’s the same thing we’ve been hearing from the fracking industry for years. They tell us: don’t worry, because fracking fluid is perfectly safe.
“What’s next? Frack-o-cola?
“Don’t be fooled. Fracking fluid is nasty stuff. We don’t know everything that’s in it, because fracking is exempt from the Safe Drinking Water Act and the industry doesn’t have to disclose what’s in this fluid. But we do know that fracking fluid contains over 600 chemicals, and that it can contaminate our fresh water.
“Fracking is a form of natural gas drilling that involves the injection of millions of gallons of “frack fluid” into dense shale rock in order to crack the rock and release the gas. Frack fluid contains any combination of up to nearly 600 chemicals along with millions of gallons of water and sand. After frack fluid is injected into the earth, some of it comes back out in the form of wastewater that cannot safely be treated in standard wastewater facilities.
The magnolia has been our indicator of spring. The pink majesty of the tree at least gives us the impression of spring. On April 2, 2007 this was the view of a magnolia.
Last year, this was the magnolia on March 25.
Two years ago, we waited until May.
When it comes to weather and seasons, normal is different all the time.
“A cigarette butt dropped to the ground seems insignificant. But follow that butt as it’s carried off by rain into storm drains and eventually to streams and rivers. It now adds up to a big impact on the places we live: In fact, 32% of litter at storm drains is tobacco products.
“Cigarette butt litter creates blight. It accumulates in gutters, and outside doorways and bus shelters. It’s the number one most littered item anywhere. Increasing amounts of litter in a business district, along riverfronts, or recreation areas create a sense that no one cares, leading to more community disorder and crime.
Cigarette butts don’t disappear. About 95% of cigarette filters are composed of cellulose acetate, a form of plastic which does not quickly degrade and can persist in the environment.
“Filters are harmful to waterways and wildlife. About 18% of litter, traveling primarily through storm water systems, ends up in local streams, rivers, and waterways. Nearly 80% of marine debris comes from land-based sources. Cigarette butt litter can also pose a hazard to animals and marine life when they mistake filters for food.” SOURCE: Prevent Cigarette Litter
Cigarette filters are made from cellulose acetate, which is a synthetic fiber that can take five years to degrade. Most of these will be washed into waterways long before they break down where they can contaminate our water supply and harm wildlife with toxins from the cigarette.
Cigarette filters add stress to sewer and wastewater systems. The Amhearst, NY engineering department Website states, “Your toilet and sewer system are only designed to dispose of human wastes and toilet paper (which quickly breaks down). Unfortunately, people use the toilet as a wastebasket out of convenience. It is a huge ‘out of sight, out of mind’ problem because people often don’t see the mess sewer overflows cause and the problems that sewer workers need to deal with. Almost any type of rubbish (including cigarette filters) may restrict sewage flow, clog sewers, and cause sewage overflows.”
Cigarette butts are not biodegradable and should not be flushed into the septic system. And the filters on cigarette butts can clog and destroy septic pumps.
“Discarded cigarette butts may present health risks to human infants and animals because of indiscriminate eating behaviours.” – National Library of Medicine report
“Cigarette filters have been found in the stomachs of fish, birds, whales and other marine creatures who mistake them for food … Composed of cellulose acetate, a form of plastic, cigarette butts can persist in the environment as long as other forms of plastic.” – Clean Virginia Waterways
The Chesapeake Bay Foundation’s newsletter, Bay Daily, says, “The non-biodegradable and perhaps toxic properties of cigarette filters are just another reason to toss your pack of cigarettes – in the waste basket, of course, not overboard. They’re a blight on human health and a drag for wildlife, too.
“San Diego State University researcher Richard Gersberg recently published a report that showed that the chemicals in a single cigarette butt can poison fish in a one-liter bucket of water.”
Fourth Friday in Columbia has expanded! Working in coordination with the Susquehanna Valley Chamber of Commerce, participating venues will now be found in Columbia, Marietta, and Wrightsville. The event name has been modified to reflect that change. Watch for articles and signage that promote Fourth Friday in Columbia, Marietta, and Wrightsville.
“A Well-Earned Rest” will be on exhibit at Weavings, Ink. This 8’ wide by 5’ high weaving is the original work of artist Phyllis Koster.
Fourth Friday continues this month with a variety of exhibits and offers for the visiting public. Stop by one of many participating venues on Friday, March 22, between 5 and 9 PM. Begin your visit in Wrightsville with a stop at Weavings, Ink. to enjoy the opening reception of their “Trees” exhibit. It features an 8’ wide by 5’ high 5 panel weaving and intricately turned wood pieces, all focusing on the beauty of trees. Continue on to lowercase gallery for the opening reception celebrating the “four” exhibit. Here you will see highlights of the work by the gallery’s four partners. Travel to Columbia to enjoy receptions and a visual feast at Garth Gallery and at Jonal Gallery. Between those two galleries, be sure to stop by Susquehanna Center for the Creative Arts where you will see the handiwork of the artists from the Marietta Arthouse, or stop at Trin’s Beans where you may view the photography from Earthshine Studios.
Watch for supporting venues along the way. Enjoy special discounts and promotions at various locations including the Columbia Historic Market House, Geltz Gotz Goodeze, New Life Upcycling and Antiques, Thundermug Antiques, and Keagy’s Produce featuring Watermelon Rind.
Fourth Friday in Columbia, Marietta, and Wrightsville is more than an arts experience; it’s a sampling of culture and dining in the river towns. For more information, visit www.PaRivertowns.com or call 717-684-5249.
” … bottled water had mainly been sold in ‘big jugs and coolers’ for people who didn’t trust their water supply. “
BY CANDICE CHOI, Associated Press
“NEW YORK — It wasn’t too long ago that America had a love affair with soda. Now, an old flame has the country’s heart.
“As New York City grapples with the legality of a ban on the sale of large cups of soda and other sugary drinks at some businesses, one thing is clear: Soda’s run as the nation’s beverage of choice has fizzled.
“In its place? A favorite for much of history: Plain old H2O.
“For more than two decades, soda was the No. 1 drink in the U.S. with per capita consumption peaking in 1998 at 54 gallons a year, according industry tracker Beverage Digest. Americans drank just 42 gallons a year of water at the time.
“But over the years, as soda increasingly came under fire for fueling the nation’s rising obesity rates, water quietly rose to knock it off the top spot.
“Americans now drink an average of 44 gallons of soda a year, a 17 percent drop from the peak in 1998. Over the same time, the average amount of water people drink has increased 38 percent to about 58 gallons a year. Bottled water has led that growth, with consumption nearly doubling to 21 gallons a year.
“Stephen Ngo, a civil defense attorney, quit drinking soda a year ago when he started running triathlons and wanted a healthier way to quench his thirst.
“Ngo, 34, has a Brita filter for tap water and also keeps his pantry stocked with cases of bottled water.
“‘It might just be the placebo effect or marketing, but it tastes crisper,’ said Ngo, who lives in Miami.
“The trend reflects Americans’ ever-changing tastes; it wasn’t too far back in history that tap water was the top drink.
“But in the 1980s, carbonated soft drinks overtook tap as the most popular drink, with Coca-Cola and PepsiCo putting their marketing muscle behind their colas with celebrity endorsements from the likes of pop star Read the rest of this entry »
Happened across these interesting water factoids:
The three basic necessities which sustain life are:
The Rule of Three’s states that a person can live for:
Without water, or any other fluids, a person will die in about three days.
The above factoids and more are from this Website.